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Great Comet C1995 O1 Hale-Bopp

"O Land of the Staff! O Crown of the Statue! O Standard which is rowed! I am the Child! O Great Kid, I speak to you today! The shambles is equipped with what you know, and you have come to it...I am Re, continually praised; I am the knot of the god within the tamarisk.

I am Re, continually praised; I am the knot of the god within the tamarisk; if I am Hale, then will Re be Hale today.

I am the daily sun, I am not grasped by my arms, I am not gripped by my hands, and there are no men, gods, spirits, dead men, patricians, common folk, sun-folk, or robbers who shall harm me. I go forth Hale, one whose name is unknown, I am Yesterday; one who views a million years; my name is one who passes on the paths of those who are in charge of destinies. I am the Lord of Eternity; may I be recognized as Kehepri, for I am the Lord of the Wereret-crown.

I am one who rises and shines, wall of walls, most unique one of the unique ones, and their is no day devoid of it's duties. Pass By! Behold, I have spoken to you, for I am the flower which came out of the Abyss, my mother is Nut. O you who created me, I am one who cannot tread, the great knot within yesterday; my arm is knotted into my hand, I will not know him who would know me, I will not grasp him who would grasp me. O Egg, O Egg, I am Horus who provides over myriads, my fiery breath is in the faces of those whose hearts would move against me. I rule from my throne, I pass time on the road which I have opened up. I am released from all evil, I am the golden baboon, three palms and two fingers high, which has neither arms nor legs, in front of Memphis. If I am hale, then will the baboon which is in front of Memphis be Hale."

-Egyptian Book of the Dead

- Discovered in Sagittarius, the Mayan HUNAB KU Galactic Core, there for several years in a spiral pattern. Sitchen's 12th planet came from Sagittarius.

- Same orbital pattern as Sitchen's 12th planet, 3600 years.

The above 22 December 1995 star map Comet Hale-Bopp in the Mayan Hunab Ku during a major alignment of the Sun, Moon, and planets ..

SS: Scorpio and Sagittarius are the direction of our galactic core known as hunab ku to the mayans. it is from this direction the interstellar winds flow from the galactic center to our solar system bringing with it interstellar dust. 

Mayan Astronomy
The Maya made daytime observations of Venus. Venus had a psychological effect upon the Maya and other Mesoamerican cultures, it has been shown that the Maya were timing some of their wars based on the stationary points of Venus and Jupiter. 

MAYAN BEE GOD
The Bee image of a flying god has to be related to a stinging element. Ophiuchus has a blocky appearance with a pointed roof. It has two extra areas on each side where the radishes appear to fit. The area on the left stretches out into the Milky Way, just about where there is a break in the star formation. It gives the appearance of bees either coming or going from a hive. This alone is not very convincing. The two places that use a bee-god image most prominently are near the sea coast at Tulum, and in the Mississippi area of the US.

There is still another point which should be considered. It is in the Maya Puuc area, that a bee god becomes very important, more important than God L. In the Mississippi area, also, there are references to a "bee" god, but the Inca have no such designation for this "god." Ophiuchus has a square frame with a pointed roof-like top and two side flanges (where the radish images seem to reside). On the left side, the wider flange (as the North of the Equator view) connects at the top with the Milky Way, where there is a break in the star trail. With this version, or artistic representation, the constellation has the appearance of bees coming into or leaving a hive. In spite of the lack, the Inca version of a god is shown as a serpent holder with a pointed hat which appears to fit into top of the Ophiuchus constellation. Also, the coat of arms of the Inca shows a serpent that is attached to each side of the royal headband (almost as earrings).

Huemac
Huemac of the Strong Hands (another name for Quetzalcoatl)
the young god is Quetzalcoatl, the original comet figure who is also called Ehécatl, the god of the wind.
Other natural elements found as attributes of Quetzalcoatl are: Son of White Cloud, Serpent, whirling wind and a strange element that states: "when he walked he shook fire from his sandals." This was thought to be "emblematic of lightning." However, except for the Dragon/Serpent that was the comet, serpents crawl actually craw; along the ground.

Twelve Alligator now holds the staff of Venus, the Morning Star, the Bringer of Dawn. The possession of such objects confers status, authority, and the right to rule. (Brennan, p. 67)

The tupayauri, defined by Holquin as "the royal sceptre, staff, royal insignia of the Inca," was the symbol of Imperial authority among the historical Incas. Tupa means royal in Quechua, while yauri is the Aymara word for copper. (p.127)

 In Peru, the colony of Orejones (long ears because of heavy, ornate earplugs as the Meso-Americans wore), came into a favored status with the Inca. One such group came from Lake Poopo, sacred to the moon. They were from a tribe of Pacific coast slaves called Quillacas: Quilla = Moon. Their ruler was called Tacuilla: Ta = ?; Cuilla (or quilla) = Moon. (Osborne, p. 79.)

Ending the Comet Drought A submission to the September, 1996 newsletter of an astronomy club I attended at the time. 1996 has proved to be an interesting year for me in amateur observing. I have done a number of activities of personal interest, ranging from seeing Barnard's Star move against its starry backdrop, to attending the third Nebraska Star Party over the summer. There was, however, one particularly noteworthy pair of celestial objects that make this year special -- two bright comets whose show is still not yet over.

As I became more interested in amateur observing as an older child and later as a teenager, I heard many stories about the brilliant comets previous generations had beheld. When Halley's Comet returned in 1985 there were still enough people around who had witnessed its previous passage in 1910 -- compared to which the 1985 passage was a feeble ghost. The names of these brilliant visitors -- West, Ikeya-Seki, Arend-Roland, numerous others -- were all over both popular and technical guides to astronomy.

Yet with a few exceptions (Halley from dark sites in the southern hemisphere, for example) nothing even remotely approaching the quality and brilliance of these comets had graced our skies for over a decade; few had been well-placed for evening observations (the most convenient time for most people) for several decades. As of late 1995, though I had seen several faint comets in telescopes, I had managed to see only three comets that were visually interesting with modest equipment: Halley (1985-86), Levy (1990), and Swift-Tuttle (1992); furthermore, for me only Levy was a naked-eye object. A serious drought was occurring.

Soon, however, the drought would break. In July, 1995, just as the second Nebraska Star Party was enthralling me, veteran comet hunter Alan Hale and amateur observer Thomas Bopp independently noticed a hitherto unknown comet in Sagittarius. Comet Hale-Bopp, named after the first two people to spot it, soon showed itself to have exceptionally high intrinsic brightness -- that is to say, even at a relatively great distance it could be expected to be a very bright object. Still well beyond the orbit of Mars when discovered, Comet Hale-Bopp was tracked, and shown to pass closest to the Earth in early 1997, at which time it could well be a "Great Comet" similar to those mentioned prominently in accounts from decades and centuries past.

- The Moon Occulted Hale-Bopp near the mayan HUNAB KU region on May 08 1996 ..

- Hale-Bopp's eyes were seen July 23, 1996, a year to date after it was discovered.

Hale-Bopp May Have a Satellite The suggestion that comet Hale-Bopp might have a satellite orbiting its nucleus, based on Hubble Space Telescope images, has resurfaced amid doubts. Reporting in the current issue of Earth, Moon, and Planets, an international journal, Zdenek Sekanina of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory writes about a Hale-Bopp satellite detected by applying theoretical modeling to images taken with Hubble's Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 on five days during 1996. If further research confirms the satellite, it would be the first known cometary satellite discovered in a stable orbit, Sekanina said in a telephone interview.

MAYAN BEE GOD
The Bee image of a flying god has to be related to a stinging element. Ophiuchus has a blocky appearance with a pointed roof. It has two extra areas on each side where the radishes appear to fit. The area on the left stretches out into the Milky Way, just about where there is a break in the star formation. It gives the appearance of bees either coming or going from a hive. This alone is not very convincing. The two places that use a bee-god image most prominently are near the sea coast at Tulum, and in the Mississippi area of the US.

There is still another point which should be considered. It is in the Maya Puuc area, that a bee god becomes very important, more important than God L. In the Mississippi area, also, there are references to a "bee" god, but the Inca have no such designation for this "god." Ophiuchus has a square frame with a pointed roof-like top and two side flanges (where the radish images seem to reside). On the left side, the wider flange (as the North of the Equator view) connects at the top with the Milky Way, where there is a break in the star trail. With this version, or artistic representation, the constellation has the appearance of bees coming into or leaving a hive. In spite of the lack, the Inca version of a god is shown as a serpent holder with a pointed hat which appears to fit into top of the Ophiuchus constellation. Also, the coat of arms of the Inca shows a serpent that is attached to each side of the royal headband (almost as earrings).

SS: Scorpio and Sagittarius are the direction of our galactic core known as hunab ku to the mayans. it is from this direction the interstellar winds flow from the galactic center to our solar system bringing with it interstellar dust.  

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10-11 Jan 1997 Aurora Borealis Acting Strange

Odd auroral arc crosses rather than circling the North Pole. It was during a geomagnetic storm during in January 10-11, 1997, that the aurora behaved oddly.

SS: Hale-Bopp tracked directly over the North Pole of the Sun just before reaching perihelion on 01 April 1997 ..

- As Hale-Bopp neared the earth on March 22, 1997, it was precisely over the north pole of the sun.

Mayan Astronomy
The Maya made daytime observations of Venus. Venus had a psychological effect upon the Maya and other Mesoamerican cultures, it has been shown that the Maya were timing some of their wars based on the stationary points of Venus and Jupiter.  

SS: Comet Hale-Bopp near the "DEMON'S EYE" Algol one year after B2 Hyakutake passage the same region ..

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-As Hale-Bopp left the area of the earth, it tracked across the constellation Orion, above and parallel to the three belt stars of Orion. This was the region the ancient egyptians believed the King would go to the imperishable star to join the other gods in the immortal afterlife.

- After passing through Orion, Hale-Bopp disappeared into the region of the sky called the Duat by the ancient egyptians. It is between Orion and Leo. They believed this is where the souls of the dead should try to get to.

The 09 May 1997 star map of the Moon and Comet Hale-Bopp in the Orion Stargate region. Note that Comet Encke is near the Pleiades and moves into the Stargate region with Venus as Hale-Bopp moves parallel to the three belt stars of Orion.

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-The constellation of Orion's belt is the area of the sky known to the Sioux as the Heart of the White Buffalo constellation. The White Buffalo legend states that a sacred maiden brought a holy pipe to be used by the Sioux. When she departed she said she would return to help the people when they were in trouble and turmoil. As she turned to leave she turned into a black buffalo, then a red buffalo, then a yellow buffalo, and finally into a white buffalo. Then she went back up into the clouds.

-Hale-Bopp was considered by the Hopi to be the "Twin Kachina",  comet would be known by a white and a blue tail. It was a warning that this was what preluded the coming of the "Purifier." According to Hopi prophesy, if things were not the way they should be after the "Twin Kachina" comets passage, then the Purifier would come forth.

  Hopi Elders on the Art Bell Radio Show Hale-Bopp was considered by the Hopi to be the "Twin Kachina",  the comet would be known by a red and a blue tail. It was a warning that this was what prelude the coming of the "Purifier." According to Hopi prophesy, if things were not the way they should be after the "Twin Kachina" comets passage, then the Purifier would come forth. Robert Ghost Wolf on May 27, 1998

Photo: The simultaneous occultation of Jupiter and Venus 23 April 1998. Venus and Jupiter are the two brightest planets in the sky. The last time Venus and Jupiter were occulted together was in 1791. But 1791 was a limit case: one planet reappeared just before the other was occulted. Actually, I was told that the last time that both planets could be observed disappearing together behind the Moon was over 1400 years ago, in the year 567 !!! It is unknown when the next double occultation will occur for Venus and Jupiter (not untill 2200).

Photo: These two meteors streaked through Orion on December 13, 1998, during the Geminid meteor shower. The fainter of the two is a Geminid; the brighter is a sporadic meteor or perhaps a Coma Berenicid.

 

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27 Aug 1998 Gamma Ray Burst in Aquila

1997-98 Super El Nino

- The Super El Nino event occurred right after Hale-Bopp's passage.

- This was the largest El Nino event in recorded history according to reports.

August 27, 1998, a 5 minute long gamma ray pulse arrived from a Galactic source located 20,000 light years away in the constellation of Aquila. The event was strong enough to ionize the upper atmosphere and seriously disrupt satellites and spacecraft. It triggered a defensive instrument shutdown on at least two spacecraft. Astronomers acknowledged that this marked the first time they became aware that energetic outbursts from distant astronomical sources could affect the Earth´s physical environment.

Crusty young star makes its presence felt Gamma ray flash zaps satellites, illuminates Earth, and sheds light on several mysterious stellar events Sept. 29, 1998: A powerful flash of gamma rays, strong enough to be detected through a satellite's own shielding and to turn night into day in the Earth's outer atmosphere, has led to confirmation of the existence of super-magnetized stars.

The flash of gamma rays was detected on Aug. 27 by at least seven spacecraft in Earth orbit and in deep space. It capped several months of observations of an object known as SGR 1900+14, a Soft Gamma Repeater located in the constellation Aquila (the eagle) near Sagittarius (the archer).

They observed SGR 1900+14 with the RXTE between May 31 and June 9 for a total of 41,700 seconds (11.6 hours) and found it had a period of 5.159142 seconds. Comparing the various RXTE observations with each other and with earlier data from ASCA, Kouveliotou's team calculated that SGR 1900+14 was slowing down ever so slightly. Each rotation is about 0.00000000057 second slower than the one before. That's about one second every 290 years. It doesn't seem like much, but for the fact that since SGR 1900+14 is a neutron star, it weighs at least 1-1/2 times as much as our Sun. Something incredibly powerful is putting the brakes on it.

"It implies that the magnetic field is almost a quadrillion (1015) gauss," Kouveliotou said. While the science team was analyzing the data from 1900+14, the star unleashed another surprise. The most spectacular event came on Aug. 27 when RXTE was not even pointed at SGR 1900+14. The burst was so strong and clear that RXTE's Proportional Counting Array detected it through the shielding intended to keep stray radiation out. Then the array locked up because of the overload. Because Ulysses and NEAR were in deep space, scientists could triangulate the position by slight differences in arrival times.

At the same time, Stanford University scientists saw the ionization of the Earth's nightside outer atmosphere increased to near-dayside levels on the side facing SGR 1900+14. "What is most interesting here," said Dr. Umran Inan of Stanford, "is the sheer energy of the event, indicating that the ionosphere within view of the flash was ionized as much as it is during day time!"

Nonetheless, the common SGR flashes are mild compared to SGR flares like the Aug. 27 event. The magnetar theory holds that during a flare, the magnetic field rearranges itself to a state of lower energy. When it does, this probably cracks the crust profoundly, at many places all over the star. In the first moments of a magnetar flare, the release of pure magnetic energy drives out an tremendous explosion of superheated particles and gamma rays. This was observed as the intense gamma-ray pulse in the first second of the Aug. 27 event.

Photo: SGR 1900+14 - observed by the Italian-Dutch Beppo SAX satellite - during a dormant phase in 1997 (left side) and in September 1998 (right side) after it erupted with a series of energetic flares. Links to 720x486-pixel, 34KB JPG. Credit: Chryssa Kouveliotou, USRA, and Peter Woods, UAH.

Solar Flares on Steroids Solar flares that scorch Earth's atmosphere are commonplace. But scientists have discovered a few each year that are not like the others: they come from stars thousands of light years away. September 12, 2003:  On August 24, 1998, there was an explosion on the sun as powerful as a hundred million hydrogen bombs. Earth-orbiting satellites registered a surge of x-rays. Minutes later they were pelted by fast-moving solar protons. Our planet's magnetic field recoiled from the onslaught, and ham radio operators experienced a strong shortwave blackout. None of these things made headlines. The explosion was an "X-class" solar flare, and during years around solar maximum, such as 1998, such flares are commonplace. They happen every few days or weeks. The Aug. 24th event was powerful, yet typical. A few days later--no surprise--another blast wave swept past Earth. Satellites registered a surge of x-rays and gamma-rays. Hams experienced another blackout. It seemed like another X-class solar flare. Except for one thing: this flare didn't come from the sun. It came from outer space.

For Two Days The Solar Wind Stopped Back in May 99, the solar wind stopped for two days. Actually, it dropped to 2% of its normal density and to half its normal speed. Although the solar wind varies greatly, this was the most drastic and longest-lasting decrease ever observed. NASA sat on the story for five months. Squished it flat. When NASA finally released that information, it was too old for newspapers to carry.

The Appearance of New States and Activity Regimes of the Sun. The 23rd cycle was initiated by a short series of sunspots in August 1995 [32], which allows us to predict the solar activity maximum in 1999. What is also remarkable, is that a series of class C flares has already happened in July 1996 . Update Note 1/8/98: The unexpected high level of Sun activity in the later half of 1997, that is continuing into present time, provides strong substantiation of the above statement. There were three "X" level Goes 9 X-Ray Flux events in 1997 where one was forecasted; a 300% increase. The most dramatic of these, a X-9.1 coronal mass ejection on November 6, 1997, produced a proton event here on Earth of approximately 72 hours in duration. The character, scale, and magnitude of current Sun activity has increased to the point that one official government Sun satellite reporting station recently began their daily report by saying, "Everything pretty much blew apart on the Sun today, Jan. 3,1998."

The Calving of Iceberg A-38, Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica Using optical imagery from the DMSP-OLS optical sensor, analysts at the U.S. National Ice Center have discovered a new, large, tabular iceberg. Originating from the Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica, the massive iceberg measured approximately 150km x 50km and was dubbed A-38. Subsequently, A-38 was seen to break-up into several pieces, and the resulting pieces were labelled A-38A, B, etc. RADARSAT imagery was acquired of A-38 shortly after its discovery on October 15, 1998 and for the following 10-days. RADARSAT imagery acquired prior to the break-off of the iceberg was also processed from the CCRS archive. RADARSAT provides unique data for monitoring A-38 because of its high resolution and ability to image through clouds and darkness. The images seen here are RADARSAT ScanSAR-Wide mode and were acquired at 100m resolution. The motion and the break-up of the iceberg can be clearly seen in this sequence of images. The northern section of the iceberg was measured to drift 50km over the 10-day period of observation.

Hale-Bopp Revisited