Archive for the ‘Brown Dwarf’ Category

Of the Brown Dwarf X-ray Flares

twa5b_dwarf_ill_300dpi

SS: we have some new data regarding brown dwarfs which will help prove that our gas giants were at one time a brown dwarf. NASA detected an X-ray flare from a brown dwarf in constellation of hydra. well i happen to have some data archived of that we recorded an X-ray flare be emitted by jupiter.

SS: in my previous blog regarding the gas giants i talked about how i do not believe that the gas giant cores are rocky solid but rather is a radioactive plasma. according to NASA’s definition of a brown dwarf is “Clouds of collapsing gas and dust that did not contain enough mass to initiate core nuclear fusion.” well these molecular clouds are “plasma” .. therefore my theory that brown dwarf cores are radioactive plasma is proven by NASA’s definition of a brown dwarf. and i believe this also proves that the gas giant cores are also radioactive plasma. this is the reason that the gas giants have such strong magnetospheres and magnetic fields because the plasma cores are still in a swirling convection state.

SS: the formation of a brown dwarf  system and or our gas giant planets is much different process than the formaation earth planet or moon or even a comet. earth type planets, moon, and comets are plasma that is thrown out by the sun. because this piece of star [plasma is non-polarized it begins to interact with the “branes” “Higgs Boson Field” and collect ice dust from the star’s accretion disk around them and form ice globes. the earth was once one of these ice globes that did not start to animate until after the protostar ignition . the solar plasma thrown out by the proto-star is polarized as it gains mass and materializes into a pristine ice globe of a planet, or a moon, or a comet.

SS: a brown dwarf is formed by molecular clouds collapsing forming its convecting radioactive plasma core. for a brown dwarf to form a planet in orbit it must go through a process in which it throws out plasma mass into it’s accretion disk . the brown dwarf goes through a fueling stage but never acquires enough mass to become a star and therefore becomes a brown dwarf. it is during this more active fueling stage that the brown dwarf likely throws out some plasma into it’s accretion disk. once the brown dwarf fails to become a star then it is doomed to eventually use up it’s accretion disk and begin to lose convection and cool and shrink in size. it is doomed to become wandering planets unless your an andromedan and you could use them to send an entire mining space fleet into another stars accretion disk.

SS: the gas giants were formed due to the plasma core of the brown dwarf being separated into four parts and this formed the gas giants. the x-rays we are detecting in the auroras of the gas giants are the same kind of x-rays we are seeing from brown dwarfs. the x-rays are coming from their poles. these means the x-rays detected by chandra are from auroras at the brown dwarfs poles. our gas giants are cooled down and less convection than a brown dwarf and only one fourth of plasma in each core. we have a quad gas giant plasma core system.

Brown Dwarfs The flare observed by Chandra from LP944-20 could have its origin in the turbulent magnetized hot material beneath the brown dwarf’s surface. A sub-surface flare could conduct heat to the atmosphere, allowing electric currents to flow and produce an X-ray flare, like a stroke of lightning. Further observations of brown dwarf flares will be very important for understanding the development of strong magnetic fields and flaring activity in brown dwarfs and giant planets.

Puzzling X-rays from Jupiter Astronomers using the Chandra X-ray Observatory have spotted a mysterious pulsing x-ray beacon near the north pole of the giant planet. March 7, 2002: Every 45 minutes a gigawatt pulse of x-rays courses through the solar system. Astronomers are accustomed to such things. Distant pulsars and black holes often bathe the galaxy with blasts of x-radiation. But this time the source isn’t exotic and far away. It’s right here in our own solar system. “The pulses are coming from the north pole of Jupiter,” says Randy Gladstone, a scientist at the Southwest Research Institute and leader of the team that made the discovery using NASA’s orbiting Chandra X-ray Observatory.

The approximate size of a brown dwarf (center) compared to the sun (left) and Jupiter (right). Although brown dwarfs are similar in size to Jupiter, they are much more dense and produce their own light whereas Jupiter shines with reflected light from the sun. (Illustration: NASA/CXC/M.Weiss)

Chandra’s image of Jupiter provided some major surprises to scientists who study X-rays emanating from the planet. During the 10-hour observation which allowed Jupiter to complete an entire rotation, an X-ray hot spot that pulsated every 45 minutes was discovered near the north magnetic pole. Earlier theories held that X-rays were produced when particles flowing from Jupiter’s moon Io became trapped in Jupiter’s magnetic field. Now it appears that the particles must come from a much more distant source, such as the Sun, to explain the observed hot spot and pulsations. (NASA/SWRI/R.Gladstone et al., UV: NASA/HST/J.Clarke et al., Optical: NASA/HST/R.Beebe et al.)

The fifth planet away from the Sun, it is the largest planet in our solar system.

    Of the Wandering Brown Dwarfs

    SS: i think these free floating planets are actually brown dwarfs that have left the accretion disc of a star or that never reached the accretion disc of another star when it failed to become a star .. as long as a brown dwarf remains inside the accretion disc of a star it will stay molten and warm .. however when it leaves the accretion disc it will begin to cool and shrink .

    Free-Floating Planets May be More Common Than Stars May 18, 2011 PASADENA, Calif. — Astronomers, including a NASA-funded team member, have discovered a new class of Jupiter-sized planets floating alone in the dark of space, away from the light of a star. The team believes these lone worlds were probably ejected from developing planetary systems.

    This artist’s conception provided by NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory-Caltech shows a newly discovered type of planet that wanders freely or follows very loose orbits. Astronomers have the mysterious denizens of the Milky Way are apparently as common as the stars. One expert called the discovery a huge surprise. (AP Photo/NASA JPL-Caltech)

    SS: brown dwarfs many times have a planet orbiting them that formed in their accretion discs .. this is what i talk about mars orbiting a brown dwarf while in orbit around our solar systems protostar .. the protostar planets form closer in to the protostar in the accretion disc while the brown dwarf system orbits further out in the accretion disc .

    SS: inner planets formed near protostar during protstar phase were Earth, Venus, and Mercury .. while outer planets mars and jupiter, saturn, neptune, uranus gas giants were brown dwarf system . mars and the brown dwarf system was destroyed by the protostar ignition process .

    SS: this brown dwarf system was destroyed when the protostar ignited sent all the comets and moons accelerating outwards and many of these moons ripped right through the brown dwarf causing it to separate it’s gases into four separate globes .. like an alchemical science experiment in which separation of substances in a liquid and the lightest gas floats to the top of the vessel, the the heavy sink to the bottom, and another remains floating in the center, this same phenomena happen to the brown dwarf . if we were to place saturn on the pacific ocean it would float, jupiter and neptune would sink to the bottom, and uranus sink in the water but not to the bottom it would float in the middle of the water .

    Just to give you some comparison, the density of water is 1 g/sm3. In other words, if you had a bathtub big enough, Neptune would sink into it. This is different for Saturn which has a density of less than 1. While Neptune sinks, Saturn would float.

    Uranus is the second least dense planet The least dense planet in the Solar System is Saturn. In fact, Saturn has such a low density that it would float on water if you could find a pool large enough. Uranus comes in second as the least dense planets in the Solar System.

    SS: alchemy is a hermetic science and is based purely upon astral light sciences that have since been proven as science facts .. in alchemy are three prime substances sulphur and mercury .. and salt . which we have a salt moon around saturn and we have a mercury planet, and io is our sulphur moon . in alchemy in separation we would find these three in substances separation like that of a brown dwarf separation . it is alchemy and we have all the objects required for an alchemical separation like i have describe happen during the proto-star ignition and polarization of the solar system .

    SS: the moon IO, which i will have polestar science blog on soon, is a volcanic sulphur moon orbiting jupiter. it continuously eruption of sulphuric magma which is different than earth magma .. this sulphuric moon is the reflection of the sulphur that is used in alchemy to separate the substances. although the actual cause was many astral objects impacting the brown dwarf during proto-star ignition .

    SUN AND MOON ENGENDER MERCURY VIA SULPHUR AND SALT  — PARACELSUS ” The main substances are salt, sulphur, and mercury. In the chapter I have already drawn attention to the alchemy of the three principals. ” — The Magic Flute By Matheus Berk

    The methods used by early medicinal chemists to obtain pure substances from naturally occurring mixtures are still used today. Since the physical properties of different pure substances are different, physical methods can be used to separate a mixture into its component pure substances. When a volcanic rock containing sulfur is heated, the sulfur turns from solid to gas (sublimes) and recondenses as a virtually pure solid on any nearby cool surface; the remainder of the rock remains behind as a solid. Quite pure sulfur can easily be prepared in this way.

    Formation of Brown Dwarfs Evolution of a brown dwarf begins with its formation in a fragment of a giant molecular cloud with a radius of about 1013 centimeters (or 10-5 light-years). Within the first one million years the cloud fragment condenses into a brown dwarf with an accretion disk (with a radius about 25×109 centimeters) and a peak temperature of about 2,600 degrees Kelvin. In some instances, a planet may form in orbit around the brown dwarf from the material in the accretion disk. After a few million years, the brown dwarf begins a long cooling period as it slowly radiates its heat to space. During the following 10,000 million years the brown dwarf becomes progressively more compact and cooler. Astronomers can get a general estimate of a brown dwarf’s age by its temperature and its mass.

    What are brown dwarfs? Collapsing `stars’ with total masses below a certain critical level, about one tenth the mass of the Sun, never become hot enough to trigger nuclear reactions. These `failed stars’ are known as ‘brown dwarfs’.  Unlike stars, brown dwarfs have no central energy source to maintain their luminosity; the only energy available is the heat stored during the collapse of the parent gas cloud. As that energy is radiated and lost, the brown dwarf gradually cools and fades into oblivion. The rate of cooling is mass dependent a brown dwarf just below the hydrogen-burning limit can take 10 billion years to reach 10-6L(sun) a brown dwarf of 0.01 M(sun) (10 Jupiter masses) takes only 107 years to reach the same limit.  Very low-mass stars, brown dwarfs and gas-giant planets are almost identical in size. This is due to a property known as degeneracy: the atoms and molecules are as closely packed as possible, so `less stuff’ doesn’t mean smaller.


    Brown Dwarf Lithium: Lithium is generally present in brown dwarfs and not in low-mass stars. Stars, which achieve the high temperature necessary for fusing hydrogen, rapidly deplete their lithium. This occurs by a collision of Lithium-7 and a proton producing two Helium-4 nuclei. The temperature necessary for this reaction is just below the temperature necessary for hydrogen fusion. Convection in low-mass stars ensures that lithium in the whole volume of the star is depleted.

    SS: as the brown dwarf cools it loses it’s convection and it will begin to shrink .. that is what has happen to jupiter, it was a brown dwarf, or part of a brown dwarf since the other three gas giants were also part of the brown dwarf .. here is a brown dwarf that has cooled well below the ability to sustain a planet .. brown dwarfs systems are pretty much doomed to die ..

    SS: our current solar system appears more like an alchemical experiment more than fluke accident .. which if these gas giants were observed by superwasp then we name the gas giants sol-waspb, sol-waspc, sol-waspd, sol-waspe, since the sol-star itself would be sol-wasp . which if alchemical experiment as i have shown it is then maybe will be best if everyone makes experiment a success .

    An artist’s conception illustrates what brown dwarfs of different types might look like to a hypothetical interstellar traveler who has flown a spaceship to each one in this NASA handout photo released on August 23, 2011. Brown dwarfs are like stars, but they aren’t massive enough to fuse atoms steadily and shine with starlight — as our sun does so well. On the left is an L dwarf, in the middle is a T dwarf, and on the right is a Y dwarf. The objects are progressively cooler in atmospheric temperatures as you move from left to right. Y dwarfs are the newest and coldest class of brown dwarfs and were discovered by NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, or WISE. WISE was able to detect these Y dwarfs for the first time because it surveyed the entire sky deeply at the infrared wavelengths at which these bodies emit most of their light. REUTERS/NASA/JPL/Handout (UNITED STATES – Tags: SCI TECH)


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