Archive for the ‘Planets’ Category

Of the Bright Spots of Ceres Moon



SS: as nasa dawn approaches the moon ceres (its a dwarf planet i call them moons) two bright spots appeared that i have not talked about… i did not want to speculate about it and instead wait for more data to come in…the first thing that comes to my mind: is that a more recent crater then the rest ?? … it looks like it might be ..and that could be something a recent impact exposed . i am for sure watching to see what this is because we are about to learn something new here…so lucky we are!

Destination Dwarf Planet: The Dawn Mission Nears Ceres Published on Mar 2, 2015 On March 6, the Dawn spacecraft will slip into orbit around Ceres, a dwarf planet located in the main asteroid belt. This mission marks the first time a dwarf planet has been visited by a spacecraft and scientists are eager to see its surface in detail. Ceres gets its name from the ancient Roman goddess of agriculture and grain crops.

NASA’s Dawn spacecraft heads toward the dwarf planet Ceres as seen in this undated artist’s conception released January 22, 2014. The Dawn science satellite on Friday will wrap on a 7.5-year journey to Ceres, an unexplored dwarf planet in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, scientists said on Monday. REUTERS/NASA/JPL-Caltech/Handout via Reuters (OUTER SPACE – Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY)





    Of the United Kingdom’s Beagle 2 Lander




    This illustration provides a comparison for how big the moons of Mars appear to be, as seen from the surface of Mars, in relation to the size that Earth’s moon appears to be when seen from the surface of Earth. Deimos, at far left, and Phobos, beside it, are shown together as they actually were photographed by the Mast Camera (Mastcam) NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity on Aug. 1, 2013. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems/Texas A&M Univ)

    The effects of changing obliquity on Mars’ climate. Mars’ current 25-degree tilt is seen at top left. At top right is a Mars that has a high obliquity, leading to ice gather at its equator while the poles point sunwards. At bottom is Mars with low obliquity, which sees its polar caps grow in size. Image: (NASA/JPL–Caltech)

    Components of Beagle 2 Flight System on Mars This annotated image shows where features seen in a 2014 observation by NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have been interpreted as hardware from the Dec. 25, 2003, arrival at Mars of the United Kingdom’s Beagle 2 Lander. Beagle 2 was released by the European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter but never heard from after its expected landing.  Images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have been interpreted as showing the Beagle 2 did make a soft landing and at least partially deployed its solar panels. The 0.1-kilometer scale bar indicates a dimension of 328 feet.  The location is approximately 11.5 degrees north latitude, 90.4 degrees east latitude. The image is an excerpt from HiRISE observation ESP_037145_1915, taken June 29, 2014. Other image products from this observation are available at . The University of Arizona, Tucson, operates HiRISE, which was built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Project for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington.  Image Credit: (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona/University of Leicester)

    NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter took this photo of the Curiosity rover on Mars on Dec. 13, 2014. Image released Feb. 5, 2015 (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona)

    In February 2015, NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity approached a cumulative driving distance on Mars equal to the length of a marathon race. Image released Feb. 10, 2015. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona)



      Of the Plumed Asteroid Moon Ceres




      SS: our (or i should say someone else’s) asteroid theory is starting to run into problems. Ceres is supposed to be an asteroid yet we find it has water plumes and an atmosphere. this does not bode well for some of current theories. eventually i will start to apply my polestar theories to this object. however for now i am going to collect data on this moon. obviously the white spot is very interesting and i for one cannot wait to see it close and learn more about it.

      Water Plume ‘Unequivocally’ Detected at Dwarf Planet Ceres - JAN 22, 2014 “This is the first time water vapor has been unequivocally detected on Ceres or any other object in the asteroid belt and provides proof that Ceres has an icy surface and an atmosphere,” said Michael Küppers of the European Space Agency in Spain and lead author of a paper published today (Jan. 22) in the journal Nature.

      NASA’s Dawn Spacecraft Captures Best-Ever View of Dwarf Planet January 27, 2015 At 43 pixels wide, the new images are more than 30 percent higher in resolution than those taken by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope in 2003 and 2004 at a distance of over 150 million miles. The resolution is higher because Dawn is traveling through the solar system to Ceres, while Hubble remains fixed in Earth orbit. The new Dawn images come on the heels of initial navigation images taken Jan. 13 that reveal a white spot on the dwarf planet and the suggestion of craters. Hubble images also had glimpsed a white spot on the dwarf planet, but its nature is still unknown.

      Ceres (minor-planet designation 1 Ceres) /ˈsɪəriːz/[17] is a dwarf planet located in the asteroid belt, which lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. It is composed of rock and ice, is 950 km (590 mi) in diameter, and contains a third of the mass of the asteroid belt. It is the largest asteroid and the only dwarf planet in the inner Solar System. It was the first asteroid to be discovered, on January 1, 1801 by Giuseppe Piazzi in Palermo, though at first it was considered to be a planet. From Earth, the apparent magnitude of Ceres ranges from 6.7 to 9.3, and hence even at its brightest it is too dim to be seen with the naked eye except under extremely dark skies.

      In ancient Roman religion, Ceres (/ˈkɪəriːz/, Latin: Cerēs) was a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships.[1] She was originally the central deity in Rome’s so-called plebeian or Aventine Triad, then was paired with her daughter Proserpina in what Romans described as “the Greek rites of Ceres”. Her seven-day April festival of Cerealia included the popular Ludi Ceriales (Ceres’ games).

      Zoomed out — PIA19173 Ceres appears sharper than ever at 43 pixels across, a higher resolution than images of Ceres taken by the NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope in 2003 and 2004.
      Image Credit: NASA/JPL

      This image, taken 147,000 miles (237,000 kilometers) from Ceres on January 25, 2015 by NASA’s Dawn spacecraft, is part of a series of views representing the best look so far at the dwarf planet. The image is 43 pixels across, representing a higher resolution than images of Ceres taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2003 and 2004. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDA)

      This artist’s concept shows NASA’s Dawn spacecraft heading toward the dwarf planet Ceres. Dawn spent nearly 14 months orbiting Vesta, the second most massive object in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, from 2011 to 2012. It is heading towards Ceres, the largest member of the asteroid belt. When Dawn arrives, it will be the first spacecraft to go into orbit around two destinations in our solar system beyond Earth. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

      For story suggestions please contact NASA’s Dawn spacecraft is currently on its way to the asteroid belt where it will rendezvous Ceres, its largest celestial body. (Reuters)

      Dawn spacecraft set to unlock secrets of dwarf planet Ceres

        Of the Ancient Artifacts of Methone Janus


        This image was taken on December 05, 2014 and received on Earth December 06, 2014. The camera was pointing toward METHONE, and the image was taken using the CL1 and CL2 filters. This image has not been validated or calibrated. A validated/calibrated image will be archived with the NASA Planetary Data System in 2015.

        This image was taken on November 30, 2014 and received on Earth December 01, 2014. The camera was pointing toward JANUS, and the image was taken using the CL1 and CL2 filters. This image has not been validated or calibrated. A validated/calibrated image will be archived with the NASA Planetary Data System in 2015.


          Of the Mars Missing Atmosphere



          NASA Mission Provides Its First Look at Martian Upper Atmosphere October 14, 2014 The hydrogen and oxygen coronas of Mars are the tenuous outer fringe of the planet’s upper atmosphere, where the edge of the atmosphere meets space. In this region, atoms that were once a part of carbon dioxide or water molecules near the surface can escape to space. These molecules control the climate, so following them allows us to understand the history of Mars over the last four billion years and to track the change from a warm and wet climate to the cold, dry climate we see today. MAVEN observed the edges of the Martian atmosphere using the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS), which is sensitive to the sunlight reflected by these atoms.

          The Newest NASA Mars Mission Is Already Unraveling The Mystery Of Mars’ Missing Atmosphere  OCT. 15, 2014 This water has broken apart into its atomic components, hydrogen and oxygen, and once hydrogen reaches the upper atmosphere of Mars it escapes into space because it is extremely light and so is weakly bound by Mars’ gravity. It’s escape process like these that remove water from Mars, Chaffin explained, and may have “dominated the history of Martian climate change.”

          The hydrogen slipping away from the planet is shown by the bright white band around the red circle, which marks the outline of Mars. The band is bright because the hydrogen atoms are reflecting the sunlight that is shining on that half of Mars during daytime.

          Carbon is heavier than hydrogen and so is located closer to the surface as shown in the image below. Carbon dioxide is the most abundant molecule in the Martian atmosphere and, because it is a greenhouse gas, may have established conditions on early Mars for liquid water.

          Oxygen is also a heavy element and is therefore more strongly bound by Mars’s gravity. However, chemical interactions between light particles and oxygen atoms in the atmosphere can heat oxygen atoms up to the point where they have enough energy to rise to the upper atmosphere and escape into space.

          Most of the oxygen shown in this image is cold oxygen, but the fuzzy part of the image on the list portion of the planet is hot oxygen that is escaping into space. Oxygen is perhaps the most useful element to study because it is produce from the breakdown of both carbon dioxide and water.

          An artist’s concept depicts Comet Siding Spring (2013 A1) hurtling towards Mars. Closest approach to Mars comes on October 19, 2014. (NASA)

          Three views of an escaping atmosphere, obtained by MAVEN’s Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph. By observing all of the products of water and carbon dioxide breakdown, MAVEN’s remote sensing team can characterize the processes that drive atmospheric loss on Mars. (University of Colorado/NASA)

          A comet will give Mars a historically close shave next weekend, and NASA aims to be ready for the dramatic cosmic event. The space agency has already trained a number of its science assets on Comet Siding Spring , which will zoom within 87,000 miles of Mars on Oct. 19 — about one-third the distance between Earth and the moon. And NASA’s fleet of Red Planet orbiters and rovers will be watching on the big day, studying the comet and its influence on Mars’ atmosphere. (Wochit)

          A general view of Mars, captured by Mastcam:Left onboard NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity on January 27, 2013 (AFP Photo/NASA / JPL-Caltech / MSS/AFP/File)



            Of the Mars Curiosity Mount Sharp Arrival

            Mars_Rover_Curiosity_Drills_1st-09be6bc0c95b7983f7e28a5f6ec611b1 (1)



            Map showing the route driven by NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity from its August 2012 landing site to the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop at the Mount Sharp.  (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona)

            This mosaic, taken with the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows the planned route (in yellow) of NASA’s Curiosity rover from “Pahrump Hills” at the base of Mount Sharp, through the “Murray Formation,” and south to the hematite ridge further up the flank of Mount Sharp. (NASA/JPL-Caltech )

            This graphic shows the geologic cross-section through lower Mount Sharp on Mars, corresponding to the segment A to A’ shown in PIA18781. This cross-section provides an interpretation of the geologic relationship between the “Murray Formation,” the crater floor sediments, and the hematite ridge. The cross-sectional view also highlights the impressive thickness of the Murray Formation – around 650 feet (200 meters). NASA’s Curiosity rover will be exploring this formation. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

            This image from NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover shows the “Amargosa Valley,” on the slopes leading up to Mount Sharp on Mars. The rover is headed toward the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop, seen above the scale bar. This area represents a boundary between the plains of Gale Crater, named Aeolis Palus, and the layered slopes of Mount Sharp, or Aeolis Mons. Curiosity has recently crossed into this terrain and now is on the Mount Sharp side of the transition zone. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS )

            This image taken by the Curiosity rover’s Mast Camera shows the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop and surrounding terrain, as seen from a position about 70 feet (20 meters) northwest of the outcrop. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

            A color mosaic taken by NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover Mast Camera (mastcam) shows strata exposed along the margins of the valleys in the “Pahrump Hills” region on Mars in this undated handout photo courtesy of NASA. After 18 months of driving, scientists on September 11, 2014, announced that Curiosity had arrived at the base of Mount Sharp ahead of schedule, thanks to a somewhat serendipitous decision to take an alternative path that would be gentler on the rover’s damaged wheels. Within two weeks, Curiosity will reach an outcrop of rock called Pahrump Hills, where the first drill samples of Mount Sharp real estate will be made. REUTERS/NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/Handout (OUTER SPACE – Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY)

            This image taken by the Curiosity rover’s Mast Camera shows the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop and surrounding terrain, as seen from a position about 70 feet (20 meters) northwest of the outcrop. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)





              Of the Martian Curiosity Rover “Mini Drill” Test


              SS: as can see NASA’s Mars Curiosity Rover Science Research Laboratory has decided to drill into this rock on mars. this isn’t the first time they drill into a rock on mars. they are on their way to investigate the martian crashed space ship when they finally reach it.

              NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover has driven within robotic-arm’s reach of the sandstone slab at the center of this April 23 view from the rover’s Mast Camera. The rover team plans to have Curiosity examine a target patch on the rock, called “Windjana,” to aid a decision about whether to drill there. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

              NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover completed a shallow “mini drill” test April 29, 2014, in preparation for full-depth drilling at a rock target called “Windjana.” This image from Curiosity’s Mars Hand Lens Imager shows the hole resulting from the test, 0.63 inch across and about 0.8 inch deep. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)


                Of the “AMPED” ‘Coiling Dragon’ Jupiter Red Spot


                SS: why is jupiter’s red spot really shrinking ?? i do not believe that jupiters red spot is going to disappear, instead i think it just appears to be shrinking because it is coiling. when a vortex coils it is building energy. the reason it is doing this is because our solar system is ‘amped’ .. we recently as in a couple years ago we saw a giant ‘dragon storm’ on saturn .. that was the explosiveness of the coiled dragon. looking at the above images the red spot has really tightened up in it’s coiling.

                SS: there are three main polestars.. Thuban which is located in Draco the Dragon is the polestar that rules over the laws of non-polarized vortex energy .. Polaris is our current polestar located in Ursa Minor the Bear that rules over the laws of polarity. and Vega the brightest of all the polestars located in Lyra the Harp or Swooping Eagle rules over the laws of consciousness.

                SS: just because Polaris is the ruling polestar does not mean the laws of the other polestars do not apply. i am not going to go into the details in this blog how a world might be different under ruling Thuban or Vega polestars.. instead i will focus on the laws of Thuban that we see reflected on Jupiter and it’s red spot storm. this solar system is still ‘amped’ and this vortex coiling is a part of this cycle of ‘amping” that our solar system is in. the sun did not turn back to yellow, it has instead remained white. and i believe after seeing the red spot jupiter vortex storm coiling so strongly that the solar system is going to stay amped and the sun is going to remain white.

                SS: it says here that they have been watching the red spot coiling since the 1930’s .. the enchantress priestess marilyn monroe was born in 1926,. the sun turned white after the comet hale-bopp rolled through in 1995-97 and the year 2000 solar maximum .. we saw the great dragon storm on saturn in 2010. and here we are in 2014 still coiling tightening up .

                For in each Man his Inmost Light is the Core of his Star. That is, Hadit; and his Work is the Identification of himself with that Light. It is not every Man who is called to the sublime Task of the A.’.A.’. wherein he must master thoroughly every Detail of the Great Work, so that he may in due Season accomplish it not only for himself, but for all who are bound unto him. There are very many for whom in their present Incarnations this Great Work may be impossible; since their appointed Work may be in Satisfaction of some Magical Debt, or in Adjustment of some Balance, or in Fulfilment of some Defect. As is written: Suum Cuique —Liber Aleph by the A.’.A.’.

                I would have thee to consider, o my son, that Word of Publius Vergilius Maro, that was the greatest of all the Magicians of his time: in medio tutissimus ibis. Which Thing has also been said by many wise Men in other Lands; and the Holy Qabalah confirmeth the same, placing Tipheret, which is the Man, and the Beauty and Harmony of Things, and Gold in the Kingdom of the Metals, and the Sun among the Planets, in the Midst of the Tree of Life. For the Centre is the Point of Balance of all Vectors. So then if thy wilt live wisely, learn that thou must establish this Relation of Balance with every Thing soever, not omitting one.  —Liber Aleph by the A.’.A.’.

                Since Time and Space are the Conditions of Mind, these two Studies are fundamental. Yet there remaineth Causality, which is the Root of the Actions and Reactions of Nature. This also shalt thou seek ardently, that thou mayst comprehend the Variety of the Universe, its Harmony and its Beauty, with the Knowledge of that which compelleth it. Yet this is not equal to the former two in Power to reveal thee to thy Self; and its first Use is to instruct thee in the true Method of Advancement in Knowledge, which is fundamentally, the Observation of the Like and the Unlike.  —Liber Aleph by the A.’.A.’.

                For our Magick is but one of the powers that lie within us undeveloped and unanalysed; and it is by the Method of Science that it must be made clear, and available to the Use of Man. Is not this a Gift beyond Price, the Fruit of a Tree not only of knowledge but to Life? For there is that in Man which is God, and there is that also which is Dust; and by our Magick we shall make these twain one Flesh, to the Obtaining of the Empery of the Universe.  —Liber Aleph by the A.’.A.’.

                Jupiter’s trademark Great Red Spot — a swirling anticyclonic storm feature larger than Earth — has shrunken to the smallest size ever measured. Astronomers have followed this downsizing since the 1930s. Image released May 15, 2014. (NASA, ESA, and A. Simon (Goddard Space Flight Center)

                Jupiter’s most distinctive feature – a giant red spot, is seen in this April 21, 2014, NASA handout photo taken by the Hubble Space Telescope of the planet. The red spot, that is bigger than Earth, – is shrinking, images from the Hubble Space Telescope released on May 15, 2014, showed. REUTERS/NASA, ESA, Goddard Space Center/Handout via Reuters (OUTER SPACE – Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY)


                A NASA handout of the planet Jupiter/s trademark Great Red Spot

                  Of the ‘Norma Jean’ Fortress Saturn Rings




                  SS: we need to work to unravel the mysteries of the saturn spaceship technologies orbiting saturn.. they appear as small asteroids or moons .. however i suspect that what we will find underneath their crust will be spaceships. just like the two small objects that appear as asteroids or small moons orbiting mars are really spaceships.

                  SS: my theory is that the andromedans were using their brown dwarf technology to artificially develop the saturn moon titan as part of their mining operation. i think maybe they required large amounts of methane to power their battlestations that controlled their brown dwarf convection, movement, and wormhole connection back to their home galaxy of andromeda. therefore they captured the titan moon into orbit of their brown dwarf and used their technology to have a nearly inexhaustible supply of methane being generated by artificially activating  the tetrahedron molecular bonding regeneration of the titan moon by heating it’s core.

                  SS: in this blog i have some images of some of the spaceships that were likely involved in the mining process. as i have shown there were three main battle-stations orbiting saturn that i believe controlled the brown dwarf convection, movement, and wormhole connection back to their home galaxy andromeda. the main control station was the battle-station Iapetus and the two secondary control stations were Mimas and Tethys. we can identify them by their large craters that are likely really some kind of giant dish antennas. i cannot go into full details how this technology worked .. that is something we will have to learn as we investigate and unravel their mysteries.. however i will say there is one planetary and solar phenomena theory that i have yet to release that explains some of how they did this.

                  SS: in the above two images we have a small space ship moon called Fornjot and Kiviuq which are new to my archives and therefor are first look at these two objects. they appear to reflect light very well so we must assume they have very reflective surface dust covering them .. there are a couple more below named Pandora and Janus. these are artifacts, like dinosaur bones, they are very much dead. the entire andromedan space fleet was destroyed when the proto-star unexpectedly ignited on them last night.

                  SS: i have explained in many blogs what happened last night.. how the andromedans entered this galaxy and solar system using a brown dwarf planetary system so that they would not cause a collision and interact with the local lifeform.. and how the secret order entered this galaxy and solar system from dwarf galaxy Sagittarius and destroyed the invading andromedans and captured the Milky Way black hole. if the secret order can destroy an entire brown dwarf planetary system and space fleet then can be assured that we can also defeat the andromedans in the coming galactic war when the Milky Way and Andromedan galaxies collide and we interact with them tomorrow night.

                  This image was taken on April 16, 2014 and received on Earth April 22, 2014. The camera was pointing toward FORNJOT, and the image was taken using the CL1 and CL2 filters. This image has not been validated or calibrated. A validated/calibrated image will be archived with the NASA Planetary Data System in 2015.

                  This image was taken on April 19, 2014 and received on Earth April 21, 2014. The camera was pointing toward KIVIUQ at approximately 6,695,703 miles (10,775,689 kilometers) away, and the image was taken using the CL1 and CL2 filters. This image has not been validated or calibrated. A validated/calibrated image will be archived with the NASA Planetary Data System in 2015.

                  This image was taken on May 03, 2014 and received on Earth May 05, 2014. The camera was pointing toward PANDORA, and the image was taken using the CL1 and CL2 filters. This image has not been validated or calibrated. A validated/calibrated image will be archived with the NASA Planetary Data System in 2015.

                  This image was taken on February 28, 2014 and received on Earth February 28, 2014. The camera was pointing toward JANUS, and the image was taken using the CL1 and CL2 filters. This image has not been validated or calibrated. A validated/calibrated image will be archived with the NASA Planetary Data System in 2015.



                    Of the Martian Lava Dragon Coils



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                    SS: NASA has proven a part of the secret order theory regarding the schumann resonance and that it is amplified by the magma ate magma hotspots such as volcanoes. it is able to amplify the schumann-resonance because it is the astral light that is non-polarized geomagentic vortexes of energy .. here we can see the scars left from a geomagnetic vortex current that was very strong in these region of mars. most likey this happened during the catasclysm of mars when mars had several super-volcanos in eruption at the same time spewing ash all across the planet after it was impacted by the astral etheric cometary moon haumea.

                    SS: of course the fact that a non-polarized vortexes actually exist helps to prove the astral light theories. that means there are some peoples theories that aren’t right and those are the kind of people who cause catastrophes because they don’t understand a certain magical law, or laws. all one has to do is look at mars to see that is truth and that happened millions or billions of years ago .. the martians were very powerful. an ancient advanced hive race who came here last night with their brown dwarf system and orbiting planet looking for resources. well they got wiped out when the protostar ignited by some magical law that they failed to not understand.

                    SS: and i think i see the same problems in this world people who are lying and not the truth. somehow some people think that lying is a good strategy but the problem is it backfires into catastrophes because they failed to understand true magical laws . we have already seen this many time therefore i do not have to explain the phenomena. another problem is pedophiles are dumber than shiat.

                    “It was the most ancient tradition of the Atlantean Magicians that they were the survivors of a race inhabiting a country called Lemuria, of which the South Pacific archipelago may be the remains. These Lemurians had, they held, built up a civilization equal, if not superior to their own; but through a misunderstanding of magical law — some said the 2nd, some the 8th, some the 23rd — had involved themselves and their land in ruin. Others thought that the Lemurians had succeeded in their magical task, and broken their temple. In any case, it was the secret Lemurian tradition that they themselves represented the survivals of a yet earlier race who lived on ice, and they of yet another who lived in fire, and they again of earlier colonists from Mars.” –Liber Li by the A.’.A.’.

                    This view from NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover spans 360 degrees, centered southward toward a planned science waypoint at “the Kimberley,” with an outcrop of eroded sandstone in the foreground. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

                    Mars lines up with the Earth and sun on April 8, 2014 in a what scientists call an “opposition.” Oppositions of Mars occur every 26 months when the Red Planet and the sun appear on opposite sides of Earth. (NASA)

                    The images above show — before and after filtering — comet C/2013 A1, also known as Siding Spring, as captured by Wide Field Camera 3 on NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. Image released March 27, 2014. (ASA, ESA, and J.-Y. Li (Planetary Science Institute))


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