Archive for the ‘Polestar Sciences’ Category

Of the Bright Spots of Ceres Moon



SS: as nasa dawn approaches the moon ceres (its a dwarf planet i call them moons) two bright spots appeared that i have not talked about… i did not want to speculate about it and instead wait for more data to come in…the first thing that comes to my mind: is that a more recent crater then the rest ?? … it looks like it might be ..and that could be something a recent impact exposed . i am for sure watching to see what this is because we are about to learn something new here…so lucky we are!

Destination Dwarf Planet: The Dawn Mission Nears Ceres Published on Mar 2, 2015 On March 6, the Dawn spacecraft will slip into orbit around Ceres, a dwarf planet located in the main asteroid belt. This mission marks the first time a dwarf planet has been visited by a spacecraft and scientists are eager to see its surface in detail. Ceres gets its name from the ancient Roman goddess of agriculture and grain crops.

NASA’s Dawn spacecraft heads toward the dwarf planet Ceres as seen in this undated artist’s conception released January 22, 2014. The Dawn science satellite on Friday will wrap on a 7.5-year journey to Ceres, an unexplored dwarf planet in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, scientists said on Monday. REUTERS/NASA/JPL-Caltech/Handout via Reuters (OUTER SPACE – Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY)





    Of the Milky Way ‘Giant Gas Bubbles’



    A view of the Milky Way galaxy in microwaves, captured by the European Space Agency’s Planck satellite. The different colors correspond to different elements, including gas, dust, and energetic particles. (ESA/NASA/JPL-Caltech)

    This NASA graphic shows how scientists used Hubble Space Telescope observations of a distant quasar to discover that two giant gas bubbles are erupting from the Milky Way’s core at 2 million mph. In this graphic, material shown in blue is moving toward the observer, while material in red is traveling away. (NASA, ESA and A. Field (STScI))

    Caption: An artist’s rendition of the Milky Way galaxy shows the major arms that have been identified by scientists, though they’re not able to observe the galaxy face-on. (NASA/Adler/U. Chicago/Wesleyan/JPL-Caltech)

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      Of the United Kingdom’s Beagle 2 Lander




      This illustration provides a comparison for how big the moons of Mars appear to be, as seen from the surface of Mars, in relation to the size that Earth’s moon appears to be when seen from the surface of Earth. Deimos, at far left, and Phobos, beside it, are shown together as they actually were photographed by the Mast Camera (Mastcam) NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity on Aug. 1, 2013. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems/Texas A&M Univ)

      The effects of changing obliquity on Mars’ climate. Mars’ current 25-degree tilt is seen at top left. At top right is a Mars that has a high obliquity, leading to ice gather at its equator while the poles point sunwards. At bottom is Mars with low obliquity, which sees its polar caps grow in size. Image: (NASA/JPL–Caltech)

      Components of Beagle 2 Flight System on Mars This annotated image shows where features seen in a 2014 observation by NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have been interpreted as hardware from the Dec. 25, 2003, arrival at Mars of the United Kingdom’s Beagle 2 Lander. Beagle 2 was released by the European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter but never heard from after its expected landing.  Images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have been interpreted as showing the Beagle 2 did make a soft landing and at least partially deployed its solar panels. The 0.1-kilometer scale bar indicates a dimension of 328 feet.  The location is approximately 11.5 degrees north latitude, 90.4 degrees east latitude. The image is an excerpt from HiRISE observation ESP_037145_1915, taken June 29, 2014. Other image products from this observation are available at . The University of Arizona, Tucson, operates HiRISE, which was built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Project for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington.  Image Credit: (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona/University of Leicester)

      NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter took this photo of the Curiosity rover on Mars on Dec. 13, 2014. Image released Feb. 5, 2015 (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona)

      In February 2015, NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity approached a cumulative driving distance on Mars equal to the length of a marathon race. Image released Feb. 10, 2015. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona)



        Of the Plumed Asteroid Moon Ceres




        SS: our (or i should say someone else’s) asteroid theory is starting to run into problems. Ceres is supposed to be an asteroid yet we find it has water plumes and an atmosphere. this does not bode well for some of current theories. eventually i will start to apply my polestar theories to this object. however for now i am going to collect data on this moon. obviously the white spot is very interesting and i for one cannot wait to see it close and learn more about it.

        Water Plume ‘Unequivocally’ Detected at Dwarf Planet Ceres - JAN 22, 2014 “This is the first time water vapor has been unequivocally detected on Ceres or any other object in the asteroid belt and provides proof that Ceres has an icy surface and an atmosphere,” said Michael Küppers of the European Space Agency in Spain and lead author of a paper published today (Jan. 22) in the journal Nature.

        NASA’s Dawn Spacecraft Captures Best-Ever View of Dwarf Planet January 27, 2015 At 43 pixels wide, the new images are more than 30 percent higher in resolution than those taken by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope in 2003 and 2004 at a distance of over 150 million miles. The resolution is higher because Dawn is traveling through the solar system to Ceres, while Hubble remains fixed in Earth orbit. The new Dawn images come on the heels of initial navigation images taken Jan. 13 that reveal a white spot on the dwarf planet and the suggestion of craters. Hubble images also had glimpsed a white spot on the dwarf planet, but its nature is still unknown.

        Ceres (minor-planet designation 1 Ceres) /ˈsɪəriːz/[17] is a dwarf planet located in the asteroid belt, which lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. It is composed of rock and ice, is 950 km (590 mi) in diameter, and contains a third of the mass of the asteroid belt. It is the largest asteroid and the only dwarf planet in the inner Solar System. It was the first asteroid to be discovered, on January 1, 1801 by Giuseppe Piazzi in Palermo, though at first it was considered to be a planet. From Earth, the apparent magnitude of Ceres ranges from 6.7 to 9.3, and hence even at its brightest it is too dim to be seen with the naked eye except under extremely dark skies.

        In ancient Roman religion, Ceres (/ˈkɪəriːz/, Latin: Cerēs) was a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships.[1] She was originally the central deity in Rome’s so-called plebeian or Aventine Triad, then was paired with her daughter Proserpina in what Romans described as “the Greek rites of Ceres”. Her seven-day April festival of Cerealia included the popular Ludi Ceriales (Ceres’ games).

        Zoomed out — PIA19173 Ceres appears sharper than ever at 43 pixels across, a higher resolution than images of Ceres taken by the NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope in 2003 and 2004.
        Image Credit: NASA/JPL

        This image, taken 147,000 miles (237,000 kilometers) from Ceres on January 25, 2015 by NASA’s Dawn spacecraft, is part of a series of views representing the best look so far at the dwarf planet. The image is 43 pixels across, representing a higher resolution than images of Ceres taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2003 and 2004. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDA)

        This artist’s concept shows NASA’s Dawn spacecraft heading toward the dwarf planet Ceres. Dawn spent nearly 14 months orbiting Vesta, the second most massive object in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, from 2011 to 2012. It is heading towards Ceres, the largest member of the asteroid belt. When Dawn arrives, it will be the first spacecraft to go into orbit around two destinations in our solar system beyond Earth. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

        For story suggestions please contact NASA’s Dawn spacecraft is currently on its way to the asteroid belt where it will rendezvous Ceres, its largest celestial body. (Reuters)

        Dawn spacecraft set to unlock secrets of dwarf planet Ceres

          Of the Ancient Artifacts of Methone Janus


          This image was taken on December 05, 2014 and received on Earth December 06, 2014. The camera was pointing toward METHONE, and the image was taken using the CL1 and CL2 filters. This image has not been validated or calibrated. A validated/calibrated image will be archived with the NASA Planetary Data System in 2015.

          This image was taken on November 30, 2014 and received on Earth December 01, 2014. The camera was pointing toward JANUS, and the image was taken using the CL1 and CL2 filters. This image has not been validated or calibrated. A validated/calibrated image will be archived with the NASA Planetary Data System in 2015.


            Of the Mars Missing Atmosphere



            NASA Mission Provides Its First Look at Martian Upper Atmosphere October 14, 2014 The hydrogen and oxygen coronas of Mars are the tenuous outer fringe of the planet’s upper atmosphere, where the edge of the atmosphere meets space. In this region, atoms that were once a part of carbon dioxide or water molecules near the surface can escape to space. These molecules control the climate, so following them allows us to understand the history of Mars over the last four billion years and to track the change from a warm and wet climate to the cold, dry climate we see today. MAVEN observed the edges of the Martian atmosphere using the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS), which is sensitive to the sunlight reflected by these atoms.

            The Newest NASA Mars Mission Is Already Unraveling The Mystery Of Mars’ Missing Atmosphere  OCT. 15, 2014 This water has broken apart into its atomic components, hydrogen and oxygen, and once hydrogen reaches the upper atmosphere of Mars it escapes into space because it is extremely light and so is weakly bound by Mars’ gravity. It’s escape process like these that remove water from Mars, Chaffin explained, and may have “dominated the history of Martian climate change.”

            The hydrogen slipping away from the planet is shown by the bright white band around the red circle, which marks the outline of Mars. The band is bright because the hydrogen atoms are reflecting the sunlight that is shining on that half of Mars during daytime.

            Carbon is heavier than hydrogen and so is located closer to the surface as shown in the image below. Carbon dioxide is the most abundant molecule in the Martian atmosphere and, because it is a greenhouse gas, may have established conditions on early Mars for liquid water.

            Oxygen is also a heavy element and is therefore more strongly bound by Mars’s gravity. However, chemical interactions between light particles and oxygen atoms in the atmosphere can heat oxygen atoms up to the point where they have enough energy to rise to the upper atmosphere and escape into space.

            Most of the oxygen shown in this image is cold oxygen, but the fuzzy part of the image on the list portion of the planet is hot oxygen that is escaping into space. Oxygen is perhaps the most useful element to study because it is produce from the breakdown of both carbon dioxide and water.

            An artist’s concept depicts Comet Siding Spring (2013 A1) hurtling towards Mars. Closest approach to Mars comes on October 19, 2014. (NASA)

            Three views of an escaping atmosphere, obtained by MAVEN’s Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph. By observing all of the products of water and carbon dioxide breakdown, MAVEN’s remote sensing team can characterize the processes that drive atmospheric loss on Mars. (University of Colorado/NASA)

            A comet will give Mars a historically close shave next weekend, and NASA aims to be ready for the dramatic cosmic event. The space agency has already trained a number of its science assets on Comet Siding Spring , which will zoom within 87,000 miles of Mars on Oct. 19 — about one-third the distance between Earth and the moon. And NASA’s fleet of Red Planet orbiters and rovers will be watching on the big day, studying the comet and its influence on Mars’ atmosphere. (Wochit)

            A general view of Mars, captured by Mastcam:Left onboard NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity on January 27, 2013 (AFP Photo/NASA / JPL-Caltech / MSS/AFP/File)



              Of the Dwarf Galaxy vs Spiral Galaxy Collisions


              How gravitational lensing acts like a magnifying glass


              SS: we are looking at black holes and galaxy collisions. The Milky Way galaxy is like the collision illustrated in the second image above where dwarf galaxy is wrapping around a spiral galaxy. it seems to me in this conflict that the black hole in the center is the most important. i have already talked about how the andromedans have been disconnected from their black hole connection to their brown dwarf in the Milky Way galaxy when they were defeated last night by the secret order. the Milky Way black hole now connects with Cygnus X-1 in the Summer Triangle.

              Smallest Known Galaxy with a Supermassive Black Hole MANY BLACK HOLES MAY HIDE IN DWARF REMNANTS OF STRIPPED GALAXIES Sept. 17, 2014 – A University of Utah astronomer and his colleagues discovered that an ultracompact dwarf galaxy harbors a supermassive black hole – the smallest galaxy known to contain such a massive light-sucking object. The finding suggests huge black holes may be more common than previously believed. “It is the smallest and lightest object that we know of that has a supermassive black hole,” says Anil Seth, lead author of an international study of the dwarf galaxy published in Thursday’s issue of the journal Nature. “It’s also one of the most black hole-dominated galaxies known.”

              The astronomers used the Gemini North 8-meter optical-and-infrared telescope on Hawaii’s Mauna Kea and photos taken by the Hubble Space Telescope to discover that a small galaxy named M60-UCD1 has a black hole with a mass equal to 21 million suns. Their finding suggests plenty of other ultracompact dwarf galaxies likely also contain supermassive black holes – and those dwarfs may be the stripped remnants of larger galaxies that were torn apart during collisions with yet other galaxies.

              Arp 116 (APG 116) is a pair of interacting galaxies composed of elliptical galaxy Messier 60 and spiral galaxy NGC 4647, located in the Virgo Constellation, lying about 60 million light years away, in the Virgo Cluster, at right ascension 12h 43m 36.1s declination +11° 34′ 02″ .[1][2][3] Interaction between the two galaxies has just begun, with initial findings of tidal interaction being found in 2012.[1] With an apparent separation between the galaxies of 2′.5, the optical discs of the two galaxies overlap.[4]

              NGC 7793 is a spiral galaxy about 12.7 million light-years away in the constellation Sculptor. It was discovered in 1826 by James Dunlop.[5] Black hole P13 in outer spiral[edit] Jets from a black hole named P13 power a large nebula named S26 in the outer spiral of this galaxy. P13 is stripping material away from a nearby star about ten times faster than was previously believed to be physically possible. P13 was first thought to be about the mass of our sun, then estimates place it more towards 1/15 the mass of our sun. If correct, this observation would show flaws in theories that a black hole’s mass and rate of consumption are a fixed relationship.[8][9] Recently, the mass of P13 was determined to be less then 15 solar masses, and it’s companion star is estimated to be around 20 solar masses. The two orbit eachother in 64 days.[10]

              Messier 82 (also known as NGC 3034, Cigar Galaxy or M82) is a starburst galaxy about 12 million light-years away in the constellation Ursa Major. It is about five times more luminous than the whole Milky Way and one hundred times more luminous than our galaxy’s center.[5] The starburst activity is thought to be triggered by interaction with neighboring galaxy M81, and M82 is a member of the M81 Group.

              The M81 Group is a galaxy group in the constellations Ursa Major and Camelopardalis that includes the well-known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, as well as several other galaxies with high apparent brightnesses.[1] The approximate center of the group is located at a distance of 3.6 Mpc, making it one of the nearest groups to the Local Group.[1] The group is estimated to have a total mass of (1.03 ± 0.17)×1012M☉.[2] The M81 Group, the Local Group, and other nearby groups all lie within the Virgo Supercluster (i.e. the Local Supercluster).[3]

              This Hubble Space telescope image shows the gargantuan galaxy M60 in the center, and the ultracompact dwarf galaxy M60-UCD1 below it and to the right, and also enlarged as an inset. A new international study led by University of Utah astronomer Anil Seth and published in the journal Nature found that M60-UCD1 is the smallest known galaxy with a supermassive black hole at its center, suggesting the dwarf galaxy originally was much larger but was stripped of its outer layers by gravity from galaxy M60 over billions of years. M60’s gravity also is pulling galaxy NGC4647, upper right, and the two eventually will collide. (NASA/Space Telescope Science Institute/European Space Agency)

              This diagram shows how the effect of gravitational lensing around a normal galaxy focuses the light coming from a very distant star-forming galaxy merger to created a distorted, but brighter view. (ESO/M. Kornmesser)

              This image shows the galaxy NGC 7793 about 12 million light-years from Earth. The galaxy is home to the voracious black hole P13, which is easily seen as the brightest blue source near the bottom of the image. (X-ray (NASA/CXC/Univ of Strasbourg/M. Pakull et al); Optical (ESO/VLT/Univ of Strasbourg/M. Pakull et al); H-alpha (NOAO/AURA/NSF/CTIO 1.5m))

              Galaxy Messier 82 (M82) appears in two different views. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope shows the galaxy in visible light (left) and NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory shows an X-ray view (right). (NASA)

              This is an artist’s impression of supernova 1993J, which exploded in the galaxy M81. Using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have identified the blue helium-burning companion star, seen at the center of the expanding nebula of debris from the supernova. (NASA, ESA, G. Bacon (STScI))



                Of the Mars Curiosity Mount Sharp Arrival

                Mars_Rover_Curiosity_Drills_1st-09be6bc0c95b7983f7e28a5f6ec611b1 (1)



                Map showing the route driven by NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity from its August 2012 landing site to the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop at the Mount Sharp.  (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona)

                This mosaic, taken with the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows the planned route (in yellow) of NASA’s Curiosity rover from “Pahrump Hills” at the base of Mount Sharp, through the “Murray Formation,” and south to the hematite ridge further up the flank of Mount Sharp. (NASA/JPL-Caltech )

                This graphic shows the geologic cross-section through lower Mount Sharp on Mars, corresponding to the segment A to A’ shown in PIA18781. This cross-section provides an interpretation of the geologic relationship between the “Murray Formation,” the crater floor sediments, and the hematite ridge. The cross-sectional view also highlights the impressive thickness of the Murray Formation – around 650 feet (200 meters). NASA’s Curiosity rover will be exploring this formation. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

                This image from NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover shows the “Amargosa Valley,” on the slopes leading up to Mount Sharp on Mars. The rover is headed toward the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop, seen above the scale bar. This area represents a boundary between the plains of Gale Crater, named Aeolis Palus, and the layered slopes of Mount Sharp, or Aeolis Mons. Curiosity has recently crossed into this terrain and now is on the Mount Sharp side of the transition zone. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS )

                This image taken by the Curiosity rover’s Mast Camera shows the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop and surrounding terrain, as seen from a position about 70 feet (20 meters) northwest of the outcrop. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

                A color mosaic taken by NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover Mast Camera (mastcam) shows strata exposed along the margins of the valleys in the “Pahrump Hills” region on Mars in this undated handout photo courtesy of NASA. After 18 months of driving, scientists on September 11, 2014, announced that Curiosity had arrived at the base of Mount Sharp ahead of schedule, thanks to a somewhat serendipitous decision to take an alternative path that would be gentler on the rover’s damaged wheels. Within two weeks, Curiosity will reach an outcrop of rock called Pahrump Hills, where the first drill samples of Mount Sharp real estate will be made. REUTERS/NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/Handout (OUTER SPACE – Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY)

                This image taken by the Curiosity rover’s Mast Camera shows the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop and surrounding terrain, as seen from a position about 70 feet (20 meters) northwest of the outcrop. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)





                  Of the ‘SGR – Milky Way Collision’ Reflection



                  SS: this collision is not happening 7 billion years ago .. the reason why is because TIME and SPACE are an illusion. The two galaxies colliding are in their own TIMEZONE and WORLD. our consciousness has it’s own TIMEZONE and WORLD. we are just seeing a reflection of the collision of two conscious life-forms and their worlds.. surrounding each galaxy is a Higgs Bosun Field. outside of our Higgs Bosun Field there is no TIME and SPACE. therefore the light particles we observe are ‘waveform potentials’ and do not turn into a particle of light until it enters into our Higgs Bosun Field. it’s the illusion of TIME and SPACE that some people think this happened 7 billion years ago when really it might just happened last night.

                  SS: it kinda resembles our own galaxy collision between our home galaxy Sagittarius and the Milky Way galaxy. the snake about to eat the marshmallow ice cream center of the Milky Way. Triangulum seen below is the Milky Ways twin galaxy in that it is gravitationally bound to the Andromeda Galaxy via an etheric tunnel between black holes. the Andromedans have a brown dwarf system like the martian brown dwarf system that invaded this solar system in attempt to mine resources and were destroyed.

                  Scientist Prove We Are Not From Here This same sense of shock came as scientists announced that the Sun, the Moon, our planet and its siblings, were not born into the familiar band of stars known as the Milky Way galaxy, but we actually belong to a strange formation with the unfamiliar name of the Sagittarius Dwarf galaxy!

                  Telescopes used gravitational lensing to obtain the best view yet of a collision that took place between two galaxies when the Universe was only half its current age. The foreground galaxy is doing the lensing and around it is an almost complete ring — the smeared out image of a star-forming galaxy merger far beyond. (ESO, ALMA (NRAO/ESO/NAOJ); W.M. Keck Observatory; NASA/ESA)

                  With a galaxy aligned like a giant magnifying glass, an international team of astronomers was able to focus on two other galaxies colliding 7 billion years ago (CBS News)

                  M33, the Triangulum Galaxy, taken by the VLT Survey Telescope at the European Southern Observatory’s Paranal Observatory in Chile. The picture reveals gassy regions, shown in red. (ESO)

                  A wide view of the Triangulum Galaxy more than 3 million light-years from the Milky Way. (ESO/Digitized Sky Survey 2. Acknowledgement: Davide De Marti)




                    Of the Backfired Astral Etheric Waves




                    SS: this polestar science blog is about two merged hyper-dimensions of astral and etheric ,, the above images are for illustration purposes to represent two kinds of waves vibrating in the etheric .. the yellow wave is a wave that was not sourced by the astral light and that is why it is by itself .. a vibration in the etheric will stay vibrating forever because the ether is hydro-mechanical that has no friction .. there is only one way to stop a wave from vibrating in the etheric and that is by another wave that vibrates at the exact same frequency opposite from peak to trough will cancel each other .

                    SS: the purple and green waves in the next image represent an astral sourced wave vibrating in the etheric .. the green wave represent the astral light which intelligently controls the frequency of the purple wave vibrating in the ether.. when the purple wave is the exact opposite frequency from peak to trough of the yellow wave then the purple and yellow waves will merge and the yellow sourceless wave will be canceled out . the purple etheric wave is going to remain still vibrating in the etheric because it is sourced by the astral wave and this is the astral light backfire. now have an astral amplified wave vibrating exactly opposite of the non-sourced wave vibrating in the ether.

                    SS: below are images of the quantum level that is vibrating at what appears to be a random vibrations.. at the quantum level things do not stay inside the box laws of physics like Einstein laws of relativity . it is hyper-dimensional and the waves help smooth out some of the chaotic. i have talked about this before how there could be two waves in two different places that are really the same wave .

                    The laws of the very small, quantum mechanics, say that the fabric of space becomes very bumpy and chaotic, a world so turbulent it defies common sense. Space and time are so twisted and distorted that the conventional sense of left and right, up and down, even before and after break down. There is no way for certain to tell if something is here or over there or both places at once. Or maybe something arrived somewhere before it arrived there. In the quantum world nothing can be pinned down it is a wild place. The fluctuating jittery picture of space and time predicted by quantum mechanics is in direct conflict with the smooth orderly geometric model described by relativity.

                    String theory calms the jitters of quantum mechanics, it spreads them out by virtue of taking the old idea of a point particle and spreading it out into a string so the jittery behavior is there just sufficiently less violent that quantum theory and relativity theory stitch together perfectly within this framework. — The Elegant Universe

                    Dr Quantum – Entanglement In the book “Provocative Cosmology – Unification”, a phenomenon whereby all matter within the universe is connected is both discussed and explained. This is what Quantum Physicist refer to when they use the term “Entanglement”.

                    ” To return to the main magical theory, the Quintessence, said they, or Universal Substance (which some strove to identify with Hyle, others with the Luminiferous AEther) is the two-in-one, liquid and solid, the former part being also twofold, fluid and gaseous, and the latter earthy and fiery. The combination of these four phases of Zro accounted for the universe. This quintessence is Zro in some state unknown and incalculable. Some expected to find it in its twelfth state, some in a seventeenth, others in a thirty-seventh: all this was pure guesswork. ” — Liber Li by A.’. A.’.



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