Archive for September, 2014

Of the Siding Spring Mars Passage

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SS: we are now only three weeks away from the Siding Spring close passage to mars. the comet should be a whopping -6 magnitude or brighter if viewed from mars.  the view from earth is +8 magnitude. who is going to get the best image of siding spring is what we are all wondering.?? will comet dust and fragments impacts the martian atmosphere and/or surface ?? will there be dust storms from any impacts that will be viewable from earth ?? these are all questions that no one knows the answers to right now. on 27 October the moon will align with siding spring in the mayan hunab ku after the passage while on 04 october before the passage siding spring will be near the “Sting of the Scorpion” star Shaula Scorpii.

SS: UPDATE 10-01-14: imediatly following the Lunar Mars Antares Siding Spring alignment on the 29 September the vanguard come Schwassmann Wachmann went into OUTBURST on 30 September 2014. SW1 happens to be very near Antares as well .. this can be seen in the new starmap i have added. SW1 outbursts usually last about two weeks unless it is a mega-outburst which could last two months. likely this outburst will last two weeks which means it will be in OUTBURST during the lunar eclipse in october. outbursting comet means more cometary x-rays and scalar activity.

What’s Up for October 2014 Published on Oct 1, 2014 What’s Up for October? A lunar eclipse, a solar eclipse and Mars has a close encounter with a comet. (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory)

Caterpillar Comet Poses for Pictures En Route to Mars August 30, 2014 As Comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring sidles towards its October 19th encounter with Mars, it’s passing a trio of sumptuous deep sky objects near the south celestial pole this week. Astrophotographers weren’t going to let the comet’s picturesque alignments pass without notice. Rolando Ligustri captured this remarkable view using a remote, computer-controlled telescope on August 29th. It shows the rich assemblage of stars and star clusters that comprise the Small Magellanic Cloud, one of the Milky Way’s satellite galaxies located 200,000 light years away.

NASA Mars Spacecraft Prepare for Close Comet Flyby July 25, 2014 In the days before and after the comet’s flyby, NASA will study the comet by taking advantage of how close it comes to Mars. Researchers plan to use several instruments on the Mars orbiters to study the nucleus, the coma surrounding the nucleus, and the tail of Siding Spring, as well as the possible effects on the Martian atmosphere. This particular comet has never before entered the inner solar system, so it will provide a fresh source of clues to our solar system’s earliest days.

Mars’ atmosphere, though much thinner than Earth’s, is thick enough that NASA does not anticipate any hazard to the Opportunity and Curiosity rovers on the planet’s surface, even if dust particles from the comet hit the atmosphere and form into meteors. Rover cameras may be used to observe the comet before the flyby, and to monitor the atmosphere for meteors while the comet’s dust trail is closest to the planet.

NASA’s Swift Satellite Tallies Water Production of Mars-bound Comet June 19, 2014 The comet makes its closest approach to Mars on Oct. 19, passing just 86,000 miles (138,000 km) from the Red Planet — so close that gas and dust in the outermost reaches of the comet’s atmosphere, or coma, will interact with the atmosphere of Mars.

Mars Express team readies for Siding Spring 02/07/2014 While we know the comet will not hit Mars, nor our spacecraft, Mars Express, initial observation data lead us to expect that the coma (the cloud of dust particles surrounding the comet’s nucleus) will be big enough to envelop Mars and therefore the spacecraft orbiting it.

Serqet /ˈsɜrˌkɛt/, also known as Selket, Serket or Selcis /ˈsɛlsɨs/, is the goddess of healing venomous stings and bites in Egyptian mythology, originally the deification of the scorpion.[2] Scorpion stings lead to paralysis and Serket’s name describes this, as it means (she who) tightens the throat, however, Serket’s name also can be read as meaning (she who) causes the throat to breathe, and so, as well as being seen as stinging the unrighteous, Serket was seen as one who could cure scorpion stings and the effects of other venoms such as snake bites. In Ancient Egyptian art, Serket was shown as a scorpion (a symbol found on the earliest artifacts of the culture, such as the protodynastic period), or as a woman with a scorpion on her head. Although Serket does not appear to have had any temples, she had a sizable number of priests in many communities.

Theta Scorpii (θ Sco, θ Scorpii) is a star in the southern zodiac constellation of Scorpius. It has the traditional name Sargas, of Sumerian origin.[10] In Chinese, it is referred to as 尾宿五 (Mandarin: wěi xiù wǔ), the Fifth Star of the Tail.[citation needed] The apparent visual magnitude of this star is +1.87,[2] making it readily visible to the naked eye and one of the brightest stars in the night sky. It is sufficiently near that the distance can be measured directly using the parallax technique, which yields an estimate of roughly 300 light years (90 parsecs).[1]

Lambda Scorpii (λ Sco, λ Scorpii) is a blue star and the second brightest star system in the constellation Scorpius, and one of the brightest stars in the nighttime sky. It has the Bayer designation λ despite being the second brightest in its constellation. It has the traditional name Shaula, which comes from the Arabic الشولاء al-šawlā´ meaning the raised [tail], as it is found in the tail of the scorpion (Scorpius). It is known as Wei Xiu Ba 尾宿八 (the Eighth Star of the Tail) in Chinese.

Shaula: The Sting of Scorpius November 25, 2013 Shaula, also known as Lambda Scorpii, is the second-brightest star in the southern constellation Scorpius (which is visible in much of the Northern Hemisphere). Like many of the bright stars close to Earth, Shaula is actually more than one star. Astronomers have confirmed it is made up of two stars, and there could be a third one given that the star system is producing more X-rays than expected, according to astronomer David Darling. The star’s name is an Arabic word that means “the stinger.” Indeed, it forms the end of the hook-shaped stinger in the Zodiac constellation.

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Total Lunar Eclipse of October 08 The second lunar eclipse of 2014 is also total and is best seen from the Pacific Ocean and bordering regions. The eclipse occurs at the Moon’s descending node in southern Pisces, two days after perigee (October 06 at 09:41 UT). This means that the Moon will appear 5.3% larger than it did during the April 15 eclipse (32.7 vs. 31.3 arc-minutes).

Partial Solar Eclipse of October 23 the final event of 2014 occurs at the Moon’s ascending node in southern Virgo. Although it is only a partial solar eclipse, it is of particular interest because the event is widely visible from Canada and the USA (Figure 4).

A seagull flies in front of a total lunar eclipse, also known as a “blood moon”, in Sydney October 8, 2014. The coppery, reddish color the moon takes is made as it passes into Earth’s shadow. The total eclipse is the second of four over a two-year period that began April 15 and concludes on Sept. 28, 2015. The total eclipse is the second of four over a two-year period that began April 15 and concludes on Sept. 28, 2015. The so-called tetrad is unusual because the full eclipses are visible in all or parts of the United States, according to retired NASA astrophysicist Fred Espenak. REUTERS/David Gray (AUSTRALIA – Tags: ENVIRONMENT SOCIETY ANIMALS)

A partial solar eclipse is pictured through cloud cover in Bellingham, Washington October 23, 2014. The eclipse was expected to have been visible through much of North America, according to NASA. REUTERS/Jason Redmond (UNITED STATES – Tags: ENVIRONMENT)

Spica is believed to be the star that provided Hipparchus with the data that enabled him to discover precession of the equinoxes.[9] A temple to Menat (an early Hathor) at Thebes was oriented with reference to Spica when it was constructed in 3200 BC, and, over time, precession resulted in a slow but noticeable change in the location of Spica relative to the temple.[10]

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Of the Mars Curiosity Mount Sharp Arrival

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Map showing the route driven by NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity from its August 2012 landing site to the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop at the Mount Sharp.  (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona)

This mosaic, taken with the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows the planned route (in yellow) of NASA’s Curiosity rover from “Pahrump Hills” at the base of Mount Sharp, through the “Murray Formation,” and south to the hematite ridge further up the flank of Mount Sharp. (NASA/JPL-Caltech )

This graphic shows the geologic cross-section through lower Mount Sharp on Mars, corresponding to the segment A to A’ shown in PIA18781. This cross-section provides an interpretation of the geologic relationship between the “Murray Formation,” the crater floor sediments, and the hematite ridge. The cross-sectional view also highlights the impressive thickness of the Murray Formation – around 650 feet (200 meters). NASA’s Curiosity rover will be exploring this formation. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

This image from NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover shows the “Amargosa Valley,” on the slopes leading up to Mount Sharp on Mars. The rover is headed toward the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop, seen above the scale bar. This area represents a boundary between the plains of Gale Crater, named Aeolis Palus, and the layered slopes of Mount Sharp, or Aeolis Mons. Curiosity has recently crossed into this terrain and now is on the Mount Sharp side of the transition zone. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS )

This image taken by the Curiosity rover’s Mast Camera shows the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop and surrounding terrain, as seen from a position about 70 feet (20 meters) northwest of the outcrop. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

A color mosaic taken by NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover Mast Camera (mastcam) shows strata exposed along the margins of the valleys in the “Pahrump Hills” region on Mars in this undated handout photo courtesy of NASA. After 18 months of driving, scientists on September 11, 2014, announced that Curiosity had arrived at the base of Mount Sharp ahead of schedule, thanks to a somewhat serendipitous decision to take an alternative path that would be gentler on the rover’s damaged wheels. Within two weeks, Curiosity will reach an outcrop of rock called Pahrump Hills, where the first drill samples of Mount Sharp real estate will be made. REUTERS/NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/Handout (OUTER SPACE – Tags: SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY)

This image taken by the Curiosity rover’s Mast Camera shows the “Pahrump Hills” outcrop and surrounding terrain, as seen from a position about 70 feet (20 meters) northwest of the outcrop. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

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Of the “Ballena Franca Austral” White Whale Calf

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SS: and he has returned after four years and is still a calf. last time we seen this white calf was in 2010 when he was spotted in the Patagonia region of Argentina where he has been seen again. only four white whales are known to exist in the world now since the white orca was confirmed spotted again as well.

An albino Southern Right Whale calf (L) known in Spanish as ballena franca austral, and its mother, swim in the waters of the Atlantic Sea, offshore Golfo Nuevo, of the Valdes Peninsula in Argentina’s Patagonia region, September 22, 2014. REUTERS/Maxi Jonas (ARGENTINA – Tags: ANIMALS)

An albino Southern Right Whale calf known in Spanish as ballena franca austral, swims in the waters of the Atlantic Sea, offshore Golfo Nuevo, of the Valdes Peninsula in Argentina’s Patagonia region, September 22, 2014. REUTERS/Maxi Jonas (ARGENTINA – Tags: ANIMALS)

A young southern right whale (L), known in Spanish as ballena franca austral, swims in the waters of the Atlantic Sea, offshore Golfo Nuevo, next to its mother in Argentina’s Patagonian village of Puerto Piramides, September 19, 2014. The whales regularly come to breed and calve in this marine reserve from June to December. REUTERS/Maxi Jonas (ARGENTINA – Tags: ANIMALS ENVIRONMENT)

Southern right whales, known in Spanish as ballena franca austral, swim in the waters of the Atlantic Sea, offshore Golfo Nuevo, Argentina’s Patagonian village of Puerto Piramides, September 19, 2014. The whales regularly come to breed and calve in this marine reserve from June to December. REUTERS/Maxi Jonas (ARGENTINA – Tags: ANIMALS ENVIRONMENT)

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Of the Mount Shasta Mudslide

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Water gushing from glacier triggered Mount Shasta mudslide, scientists say September 23, 2014 The U.S. Forest Service climbing ranger scrambled up a ridge to investigate. He peered into the canyon below and found a small creek flowing like a brown river. There was a loud roar, and then a wave of boulders, mud and water 4 feet high. “It sounded like a freight train barreling down the canyon,” he said, and at times “like a thunder rumble. In my 10 years as a ranger on Mount Shasta, I’ve never witnessed anything of this magnitude.” Government scientists say exceptionally hot, dry conditions and a lack of insulating snowpack primed Mount Shasta for the massive mudslide that rumbled down over the weekend after a pulse of water burst out from under an alpine glacier. That a severe drought could cause flooding is the latest expression of a three-year dry spell that is afflicting California with increased wildfires, crop losses, water shortages and spikes in air pollution.

The sun rises over Mount Shasta on Tuesday, Tuesday, Sept. 16, 2014 to illuminate the remains of a house burned in a wind-driven wildfire in Weed, Calif. Fire crews aided by calmer winds and aircraft knocked down a wildfire Tuesday that damaged or destroyed at least 100 homes. (AP Photo/Jeff Barnard)

The situation could get worse with a wet storm system expected to hit Tuesday or Wednesday. (CBS Sacramento Screen Shot)

Mud covers Pilgrim Peak Road near Mount Shasta, California in this Inciweb handout photo released to Reuters September 22, 2014. California’s three-year drought might have triggered Mount Shasta’s worst mudslide in two decades which damaged hiking trails and forced two roads to close over the weekend, a national park spokeswoman said on Monday. REUTERS/Inciweb/Handout via Reuters (UNITED STATES – Tags: DISASTER ENVIRONMENT)

Lack of snow and warm temperatures during the state’s record drought has led to a massive mudslide near Mount Shasta, stretching 15 miles. Elizabeth Cook reports. (9/23/14 CBS San Francisco Screen Capture)

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Of the Mount Ontake Eruption

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Dense white plumes rise high in the air as Mt. Ontake erupts in central Japan, Saturday, Sept. 27, 2014. With a sound likened to thunder, the 3,067-meter (10,062-foot) mountain spewed large white plumes high into the sky, sending people fleeing, covering surrounding areas in ash and trapping more than 250 climbers. (AP Photo/Kyodo News)

Volcanic smoke rises from Mt. Ontake, which straddles Nagano and Gifu prefectures, central Japan, in this September 28, 2014 photo taken and released by Kyodo. More than 30 people were feared dead on Sunday near the peak of the Japanese volcano that erupted a day earlier, sending a huge cloud of ash and rock tumbling down its slopes, while packed with hikers. Mandatory credit. REUTERS/Kyodo (JAPAN – Tags: DISASTER ENVIRONMENT)

Buildings of a mountain lodge near the summit crater are totally covered by ash spewed out by Mt. Ontake as the volcano erupts in central Japan Saturday, Sept. 27, 2014. Mt. Ontake erupted Saturday, sending a large plume of ash high into the sky and prompting a warning to climbers and others to avoid the area. Japanese broadcaster NHK, citing local authorities, said there were reports of injuries, but no word on their severity. (AP Photo/Kyodo News)

A military helicopter, left, hovers above Mount Ontake as it prepares to rescue stranded climbers Sunday, Sept. 28, 2014, in Nagano prefecture. Military helicopters plucked several people from the Japanese mountainside Sunday after a spectacular volcanic eruption sent officials scrambling to reach many more injured and stranded on the mountain. Mount Ontake erupted shortly before noon Saturday, catching mountain climbers by surprise and injuring at least 34, including 12 seriously, according to Japan’s Fire and Disaster Management Agency. The tally was lower than reported by local officials earlier, but the disaster agency warned that the numbers could still change. (AP Photo/Koji Ueda)

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Of the Mexican Hatch Valley Chili Peppers

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Farmers harvest chile peppers in Hatch, New Mexico in an undated photo provided by the New Mexico Tourism Department. Locals say the year-round sunshine in the southern part of the state, combined with nutritious soil in the Hatch Valley, make the area’s chiles the finest in the world. But few like to talk about the diminishing harvests. According to the U.S. and New Mexico Departments of Agriculture, the size of the New Mexico chile pepper harvest shrank by more than 40 percent over the last decade, from nearly 110,000 tons in 2004 to some 65,000 tons in 2013. About 82 percent of chile peppers consumed in the United States are imported, and producers in New Mexico have had to fight to make their brand stand apart – in much the way farmers label their “Florida” oranges or “California” grapes. REUTERS/New Mexico Tourism Department/handout via Reuters (UNITED STATES – Tags: AGRICULTURE TRAVEL)

A farmer harvests chile peppers in Hatch, New Mexico in an undated photo provided by the New Mexico Tourism Department. Locals say the year-round sunshine in the southern part of the state, combined with nutritious soil in the Hatch Valley, make the area’s chiles the finest in the world. But few like to talk about the diminishing harvests. According to the U.S. and New Mexico Departments of Agriculture, the size of the New Mexico chile pepper harvest shrank by more than 40 percent over the last decade, from nearly 110,000 tons in 2004 to some 65,000 tons in 2013. About 82 percent of chile peppers consumed in the United States are imported, and producers in New Mexico have had to fight to make their brand stand apart – in much the way farmers label their “Florida” oranges or “California” grapes. REUTERS/New Mexico Tourism Department/handout via Reuters (UNITED STATES – Tags: AGRICULTURE TRAVEL)

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Of the Mount Popocatepetl Eruption

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Lanza Popocatépetl gran fumarola de ceniza 25. Sep. 2014 CIUDAD DE MÉXICO, México, sep. 25, 2014.- Alrededor de las 7:30 de la mañana el volcán Popocatépetl registró dos emisiones de ceniza. Estas son consideradas como fumarolas menores de liberación de energía. Son fumarolas que no alcanzan más de 1km de altura y desprenden la ceniza depositada en la base del cráter.

The snow-covered Popocatepetl volcano spews a cloud of steam high into the air as seen from Huejotzingo, on the outskirts of Mexico City September 25, 2014. REUTERS/Tomas Bravo (MEXICO – Tags: ENVIRONMENT SOCIETY)

El monitoreo del Volcán Popocatépetl se realiza de forma continua las 24 horas. Cualquier cambio en la actividad será reportado oportunamente. ( webcam Imágen del volcán Popocatépetl del día 25 de Septiembre de 2014″ Cenapred)

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Of the Pyramid of King Netjerykhet Djoser

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Djoser was the first or second king of the 3rd Dynasty (ca. 2667 to 2648 BC) of the Egyptian Old Kingdom (ca. 2686 to 2125 BC).[1] He is believed to have ruled for 19 years or, if the 19 years were biennial taxation years, 38 years.[4] He reigned long enough to allow the grandiose plan for his pyramid to be realized in his lifetime.[5] Djoser is best known for his innovative tomb, which dominates the Saqqara landscape.[4] In this tomb he is referred to by his Horus name Netjerykhet; Djoser is a name given by New Kingdom visitors thousands of years later.[6]

Netjerykhet (Djoser) in Tour Egypt Netjerikhet Djoser was the 2nd King of Egypt’s 3rd Dynasty, and was probably the most famous king during this period. He is also sometimes referred to as Zoser, and by the Greeks, Tesorthos. Through contemporary sources, he is only known by his Horus and Nebt-names, Netjerikhet, “the divine of body”. Djoser may have been the king’s birth name and appears only in later records. The earliest evidence that the two names belong to the same king is found on a long inscription on a large rock on the island of Sehel at Aswan. According to the Turin King list, Netjerikhet Djoser ruled for about 19 years, following the 20 year long reign of the otherwise unattested Nebka (Sanakhte).

Birds fly above wooden scaffolding covering the Djoser Pyramid in Saqqara, Egypt, Tuesday, Sept. 16, 2014. The restoration of the 4,600-year old pyramid has prompted controversy between the Ministry of Antiquities, activists and archaeologists. (AP Photo/Samuel McNeil)

Wooden scaffolding covers the Djoser Pyramid in Saqqara, Egypt, Tuesday, Sept. 16, 2014. The restoration of the 4,600-year old pyramid has prompted controversy between the Ministry of Antiquities, activists and archaeologists including the new brick work at the base of the pyramid. (AP Photo/Samuel McNeil)

An Egyptian archeology worker stands at the gate of the temple of Saqqara that serves as an entrance to the Djoser Pyramid, 30 kilometers southwest of Cairo, in Saqqara, Egypt, Sept. 16, 2014. The restoration of the 4,600-year old pyramid has prompted controversy between the Ministry of Antiquities, activists and archaeologists. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)

An Egyptian farmer rides his donkey in front of Djoser Pyramid, 30 kilometers southwest of Cairo, in Saqqara, Egypt, Sept. 16, 2014. The restoration of the 4,600-year old pyramid has prompted controversy between the Ministry of Antiquities, activists and archaeologists. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)

Building materials gather dust at the foot of the Djoser Pyramid in Saqqara, Egypt, Tuesday, Sept. 16, 2014. The restoration of the 4,600-year old pyramid has prompted controversy between the Ministry of Antiquities, activists and archaeologists including the new brick work at the base of the pyramid. (AP Photo/Samuel McNeil)

Egypt has recovered fragments from the pyramid of Cheops said to have been stolen by Germans, including part of a stone tablet identifying the pharaoh it was named after, state media report (AFP Photo/Cris Bouroncle)

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Of the Great Pyramid at the Cahuachi

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Tourists walk at the Great Pyramid at the Cahuachi Ceremonial Centre in Nazca September 13, 2014. Researchers say priests from the Cahuachi compound, built in 400 B.C., which is just across the Nazca Valley, may have designed the Nazca Lines, one of Peru’s popular tourist attractions and a UNESCO World Heritage site. REUTERS/Mariana Bazo (PERU – Tags: SOCIETY TRAVEL)

The Great Pyramid is seen at the Cahuachi Ceremonial Centre in Nazca September 13, 2014. Researchers say priests from the Cahuachi compound, built in 400 B.C., which is just across the Nazca Valley, may have designed the Nazca Lines, one of Peru’s popular tourist attractions and a UNESCO World Heritage site. REUTERS/Guadalupe Pardo (PERU – Tags: SOCIETY TRAVEL)

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Of the Bardarbunga Iceland Eruption

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SS: iceland is active again. the last time we saw iceland volcanic activity was in 2010 when Eyjafjallajokull erupted. this latest activity appears to be an effect from recent solar activity. when the sun interacts with the earth’s magnetosphere then this causes the earth’s core to heat which in turn causes magma to expand.  due to the recent x-flare and auroras i think this eruption will likely increase. usually we see this within about one week after the auroras.

EARTH-DIRECTED X-FLARE AND CME: Sunspot AR2158 erupted on Sept. 10th at 17:46 UT, producing an X1.6-class solar flare. A flash of ultraviolet radiation from the explosion ionized the upper layers of Earth’s atmosphere, disturbing HF radio communications for more than an hour. More importantly, the explosion hurled a CME directly toward Earth. The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory photographed the expanding cloud:

DOUBLE CME IMPACT SPARKS GEOMAGNETIC STORM: As predicted, a pair of CMEs hit Earth’s magnetic field in quick succession on Sept. 11th and 12th. The result was a G3-class geomagnetic storm, the most intense of the year so far. At the peak of the storm on Sept 12-13, bright auroras ringed the Arctic Circle and spilled down over several northern-tier US states. The sky over Maine exploded in a rainbow of colors:

Watch Iceland’s Bardarbunga volcano erupt under Northern Lights Tuesday 16 September 2014 Iceland’s largest volcanic system, which measures 118 miles across the country, has been hit by thousands of small tremors and eruptions over the last month, placing scientists on high alert. The Icelandic Met Office has been regularly changing the aviation warning over the volcanic region prompting fears from the airline industry of a repeat of the disastrous 2010 eruption.

Lava Erupts at Iceland’s Bardarbunga Volcano August 28, 2014 Lava is streaming from an eruption north of Iceland’s Bardarbunga volcano, the Icelandic Met Office has confirmed. Magma broke through a rift in an older lava flow around midnight local time (about 8 p.m. ET). The new fissure is 0.6 miles (1 kilometer) long, according to early estimates. The lava field is 5.5 miles (9 km) north of Dyngjujokull glacier, in a region between Bardarbunga volcano and the nearby Askja volcano. Scientists monitoring Bardarbunga’s activity are camped near the eruption and confirmed the fiery lava has emerged. Small lava fountains and an orange glow also appeared on the region’s live webcams here and here.

Close up of Icelandic volcano A fearless cameraman ventured within 15m of molten lava to capture these apocalyptic scenes from the recent Icelandic eruptions aftermath. Despite the fast-flowing lava trickling down from the crater, Valdimar Leifsson, 61, risked his life to get the stunning close-ups. A giant burning mass of molten remains can be smouldering in the foreground as the lava continues to spurt from the crater behind. (Caters News) Photography by Valdimar Leifsson

Earthquakes and lava flows are continuing at Iceland’s Bárdarbunga volcano. With the Icelandic Met Office warning of eruption concerns earlier in the week, the northern rim of the volcano was seen spewing lava on September 11. The Institute of Earth Sciences, based in Reykjavík, released a video via its Facebook page on September 12 showing “lava blowout” at the site. Credit: Facebook/Jarðvísindastofnun Háskólans

The lava flows on the the ground after the Bardabunga volcano erupted again on August 31, 2014. Scientists estimate the fissure to be at least 1.5 kilometres long. The lava is estimated to be six to eight metres thick and flowing at a rate of about 1,000 cubic metres per second. Iceland cut its ash warning level for aviation to orange from red on Sunday, saying a fresh fissure eruption in Iceland’s Bardarbunga volcano system was not creating ash. Iceland’s largest volcanic system, which cuts a 190 km long and up to 25 km wide (118 miles by 15.5 miles) swathe across the North Atlantic island, has been hit by thousands of earthquakes over the last two weeks and scientists have been on high alert. (REUTERS/Armann Hoskuldsson)

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